The overall aim of the project was to lay the foundation for a nationwide increase in energy efficiency in the residential area through an in-depth study of various buildings in Belarus, which are classified as energy-efficient.

In the background of the investigation, observations were made both by the Belarusian Housing Ministry on the one hand and by the inhabitants of the buildings concerned on the other, that there was a gap between calculated energy requirements and actual Energy consumption.

Different approaches can be considered here: unrealistic assumptions about the internal heat gain (depending on occupancy density) in the planning of buildings, lack of knowledge and care in the construction, lack of communication between the Actors or a lack of insight into the actual living and heating habits and needs of the inhabitants. As a working hypothesis, the project consortium was based on a combination and reciprocal influence of these explanatory approaches, which has essentially also been confirmed.

The primary addressee of the findings to be developed in the project was the Belarusian Ministry of Housing and Municipal services. The Belarusian partner Ecopartnership has maintained good contacts with the Ministry for many years. Policy recommendations from Ecopartnership have already been taken into account in previous projects.

Another target group consisted of those responsible from other relevant ministries (architecture and construction, energy, economy), experts involved in planning and building (architects and planners, construction companies, maintenance companies) and The inhabitants of the buildings to be examined. Indirectly, all experts in the country should also be reached.

Project activities

Selection of a number of residential buildings suitable for further investigation (preliminary study). The basis for this was the list of the Housing Ministry on Energy-efficient buildings of the last generation and the research of the Belarusian project partner energetic evaluation of the residential buildings based on the construction and planning documents (target State)

Analysis of the actual condition, taking into account the real heat demand, including planners, maintenance companies and residents, the development of individual proposals for concrete improvements for each of the buildings studied in the Comparison of the investigated buildings and the elaboration of systemic errors The summary of the results in a policy recommendation on the future construction of energy efficient buildings in Belarus to the Ministry of Housing and Municipal services.

Energy and climate change


Heidrun Fammler
Project Manager
Phone: 040/5330 7075

Project partner

Ecopartnership, Belarus Architecture Office Aura Plan


The project is part of the International Climate Protection Initiative (IKI), managed by the GIZ. The Federal Ministry for the Environment, nature conservation, construction UndReaktorsicherheit (BMUB) promotes the initiative.